A presentation delivered September 27 to the 2015 NeuroELT Brain Days International Conference, Kyoto, Japan. This presentation introduces Cognitive Neuroeducation (CNE), a new learning-based, noninvasive, nonpharmacological modality for intervention in cognitive and behavioral disorder with the promise of full recovery therefrom. CNE is unique in that it is the only modality in the fields of learning and mental health that is strictly tied to how the brain actually works within a tightly constructed, exhaustively comprehensive model of the mind as formed exclusively from rigorous hermeneutical and phenomenological analysis. Humans – through the biological determinants of evolutionary selection – have developed a uniquely social brain. In the human social brain, learning is the principal mechanism that shapes all behavior. Cognition is the understanding of ourselves, others and the world around us. But the processes of cognitive development – that is, how we learn, what we learn, how we understand the world around us, and, consequently, how we are molded to behave – can be blocked or can become distorted. In this presentation we explore the processes in the human social brain by which positive learning is realized and cognition and responsible, self-affirming behavior are shaped, and the principles of CNE that can be applied, both in a mental health setting and an educational setting, to stimulate these processes in engendering positive learning realization and constructive, socially adaptable behavior.